WHAT IS THE CHALLENGE?
It is calculated that greenhouse gas emissions will lead to global climate change, but less is known about possible regional changes. If the global mean temperature continues to rise throughout this century, the effects on the Swedish climate could be appreciable, with palpable consequences for forestry, agriculture and fisheries, etc. A changed climate will also impact biodiversity in Sweden and the other Nordic countries. Furthermore, hydropower as a source of energy could be jeopardised if the availability of surface water is negatively affected by reduced or increased precipitation. Shipping may be affected if ice conditions change. Extreme climatic events also make it difficult for insurance companies to calculate the future risks and hence set insurance premiums and stipulate compensation requirements.
HOW CAN THE PROGRAMME CONTRIBUTE TO A SOLUTION?
The aim of SWECLIM is to provide planners and decision-makers within industry, public administration and political bodies with a good basis for assessments of the future climate in the region. On the basis of regional climate scenarios, planners should be able to formulate long-term adaptation strategies. These scenarios can also be modified so that the different categories of users can gain maximum benefit from them for their own planning.
WHO WILL BENEFIT FROM THE RESULTS?
The forest industry. Agriculture. The power industry. The fishing industry. Central, regional and local authorities responsible for physical planning and infrastructure (energy supply, water supply, roads) and the rescue services.